Christological Heresies Pdf

List of movements declared heretical by the Catholic Church

Before one can correctly understand the nature of Christ, he must first understand the nature of the Godhead. Marcionism continued in the West for years, although Marcionistic ideas persisted much longer. The belief that icons are idols and should be destroyed. Cyril of Alexandria condemned anthropomorphism at his Adversus Anthropomorphites.

Community of the Lady of All Nations. This belief was in some ways similar to Gnostic Christian theology, but in other ways different. From Ecumenism to Community Relations. Condemned by the Council of Orange in which slightly weakened some of Augustine's more extreme statements.

Gnostic sect was founded by Ex-Catholic Bishop Valentinus. It became heretical when pushed to the extremes indicated.

The belief that the prophecies of the Montanists superseded and fulfilled the doctrines proclaimed by the Apostles. The churches of Asia Minor excommunicated Montanists.

Considered Melchisedech an incarnation of the Logos divine Word and identified him with the Holy Ghost. Likewise the Eastern Orthodox Church officially declares a heresy only at an ecumenical council, and currently accepts only the first seven Ecumenical Councils as ecumenical.

The Three Christological Heresies

Many early apologists, such as Tertullian on his Adversus Marcionem year condemned Marcionism. He stirred up the monks and the politicians. These groups eventually became separate churches which didn't recognize the normal church leaders. They were representatives of Leo of Rome. It gave the church the first great ecumenical creed.

In Conclusion One can easily see, then, from these ancient and contemporary heresies mentioned above, just how Satan has constantly tried to hide and corrupt the true theanthropic nature of Christ. For that reason, all early heresies either ended up under-evaluating Christ's divinity, His human nature, or both. First formally stated by Noetus of Smyrna c.

Leo wrote back a sophisticated and orthodox reply condemning Eutyches and expounding on the doctrine of Christ. Condemned by papal bull Ad abolendam. However, we must be honest and quick to state that throughout our study of the two natures of Christ, as with the study of the Trinity, we are faced with an impenetrable mystery.


The neutrality of this section is disputed. Declared to be a heresy in by the First Council of Constantinople. The Mary of the Gospel and Catholic tradition is in heaven, not on earth.

Justin Martyr considered them heretical at Dialogue with Trypho the Jew chapter xlvii. Religious movement which expects the imminent return of Jesus. Nestorius was concerned with the thought that God might be seen to have had a new beginning of some kind, or that he suffered or died. Certainly the dissenters should not have been condemned, but rather reasoned with.

List of movements declared heretical by the Catholic Church

He maintained that his doctrine was orthodox and was the faith of Cyril and Athanasius and Nicaea. Monophysitism or Eutychianism. The group might have continued for several centuries, influencing the Bogomils of Bulgaria, the Bosnian church, the Paterenes and Catharism. Belief that three, rather than four nails were used to crucify Christ and that a Roman soldier pierced him with a spear on the left, rather than right side. Christianity was virtually destroyed in Africa and the Middle east.

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God has taken different forms in order to reveal himself to the senses. Often they could seem to be teaching two persons in Christ. Their beliefs were a synthesis of Armenian Paulicianism and the Bulgarian Slavonic Church reform movement. The Chalcedonian statement has largely become the orthodox creed or Protestantism. Donatists were a force at the time of Saint Augustine of Hippo and disappeared only after the Arab conquest.

Christological controversies Two approaches to Christ's person Remember that Nicaea and Constantinople settled the question of the deity of Jesus Christ. Christological Monothelitism Christ had no human will, aha pals book pdf just the one divine will. Redirected from List of Christian heresies.

This even took the forefront over the work of Christ because who He was would greatly interpret what He did. Different versions of the two above approaches did battle for years in the eastern Empire. Tertullian wrote Adversus Praxeam against this tendency and Sabellius was condemned by Pope Callistus. Eutycheanism and Chalcedon Eutyches c. Since the midth century, the attitude of the Catholic Church to Protestantism has changed, as evidenced by ecumenical relations with Protestant Churches.

Deemed heretical by Jerome in his Altercatio Luciferiani et orthodoxi. Cyril wrote to Nestorius several times. This is contrary to the orthodox interpretation of Christology, which teaches that Jesus Christ has two wills human and divine corresponding to his two natures.

The Threefold God transformed himself into a single hypostasis substance in order to unite with the souls of the perfect. Because these two natures in Christ seemed to be mutually exclusive, they either held to one while rejecting or diminishing the other, or vice versa. Monophysitism Several parts of the Church, especially the Egyptian groups, never accepted the decisions of Chalcedon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

List of movements declared heretical by the Catholic ChurchStory of the Church - Christological Controversies and Heresies